50 dangerous years that shook the world and how today’s great

nuclear-weapons-test-67557_640If you think that you are living in really scary times, then spare a thought for those who lived from 1914-64, modern history’s most dangerous period ever. During these 50 years that shook the world, we saw two World Wars that saw the loss of more than a 100 million lives. It saw the invention of the atomic bomb which was used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and then came the even deadlier Hydrogen bomb.

It saw the Korean War where America and China almost came close to conflict. It saw the Cuban Missile Crisis, where America and USSR almost came to war. It saw the Partition of both India and Palestine—These problems exist till the present day and are now even nuclear flashpoints.

stamp-62921_640More importantly it saw the reign of three of the greatest mass murderers in world history—Mao, Stalin and Hitler—who together directly or indirectly killed more than 100 million people.

While the H1NI Swine Flu scare of 2009-10 claimed less than 20,000 lives worldwide, the 1918 flu epidemic led to the deaths of up to 100 million people—that’s about 5% of the population of the world at that time!

In fact it was an era where everything happened in millions. The toll of the 1931 China floods was 4 million. The Bengal famine of 1943 also may have seen up to 4 million dead. The Great Chinese Famine of 1959-61 saw 15 million deaths.

blue-mosque-1851032_640It was also catastrophic for the Muslim world because the last great Muslim empire or Caliphate, the Ottoman Empire collapsed in 1918. The Muslim world knowingly and unknowingly feels that vacuum and groups like Islamic State try to take advantage of that.

Americans saw their Vietnam War begin in the 1950s and there was the Spanish Civil War in the 1930s. For the Chinese angle, both the Tibet and Taiwan problems were created in these 50 years. The era’s Holocaust still weighs heavily on the Jewish mind.

woman-63191_640Finally, don’t forget—This era also had the Great Depression which destroyed the world economy!

Need one say more?

Inspired by the following quote by Thompson in the 2011 film The Adjustment Bureau

…in 1910 we stepped back. Within fifty years, you’d brought us World War I, the Depression, Fascism, the Holocaust and capped it off by bringing the entire planet to the brink of destruction in the Cuban Missile Crisis.

This was written in January 2016 and here’s an addendum on how blessed we are living in today’s age…

Peace1. There has been no World War for 73 years. Isn’t that great? Before World War I, Great Wars were common and genocides were common (100 million plus may have been killed by the Europeans alone in the Americas). Then there was just 21 years difference between the end of World War I and the beginning of World War II. Forget get a World War, there is nothing that can even be called a Great War for 73 years and counting.

soldiers-1002_960_7202. Imagine America conquering Iraq and making it its 51st State with an American Governor. Then imagine Syria becoming the 52nd State and so on. Well that’s what used to happen in the past. We take the era of independent nation states for granted and forget that the age of empires and colonies mercifully ended in 1945. We can’t have Hitler-Alexander-type conquests today.

gallows-858572_960_7203. Global murder rate is at an all-time low. Cognitive psychologist Steven Pinker wrote a book called The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined, the title of which is self-explanatory. He found that violence is down and the human race is getting more and more civilized contrary to what you think.
When man shifted from a hunter gatherer community to an agricultural one, the violent deaths decreased 5-fold. But from the Middle Ages to the 20th Century Pinker checked Europe, where records are well-kept, and found a 10 to 50-fold drop in homicides. The rate continues even today.

old-lady-845225_960_7204. Life expectancy up. In 1900, the average life expectancy was 31 and in 1950 it was 48. Today it is 70+. Overall violence is down, people are living longer and healthier.

5. Abject poverty rate crashing. From the 1990s to 2010s, more than 100 million Indians have dropped out of poverty while the similar rate for China is a stellar 700 million plus. Almost all the countries are reducing the number of their poor, just some at a faster rate than others.

mobile-phone-1875813_960_7206. Lower classes finally have access to full information thanks to mobiles. This is probably the most important of all. For most of the human race, the lower classes had no access to information. Now anyone who has an access to a cheap smartphone has access to all the information of the world, entertainment and even power of making his case heard through social media. This is another thing which we simply take for granted.

Why Indian cricketers aren’t really poor travellers…

plane-841441_960_720England, South Africa and New Zealand have never won any ODI ICC tournament anywhere. Forget a Test series—Sri Lanka has never even won a single Test in India. Pakistan won their first Test series in West Indies quite late in 2017 as against India way back in 1971.

The truth is that when you combine all three formats of the game, then only Australia and India are the best travellers. Only these two teams have won maximum multi-nation tournaments in maximum countries. It’s a myth that Indians are poor travellers in international cricket overall.

We have won in…

united-kingdom-1043062_1280England.
1 ODI World Cup—1983.
1 ICC Champions Trophy—2013.
3 Test series—1971, 1986, 2007.
1 ODI Tri-series—2002.
3 ODI series—1986, 1990, 2014
1 T20 series—2018.
Total = 10.

sydney-3680862_960_720Australia.
1 Mini World Cup—Benson & Hedges World Series 1985.
1 ODI Tri-series—2008.
1 T20 series—2016, Australia’s only Test whitewash in any format on home soil ever since 1877.
Total = 3.

South Africa.
1 T20 World Cup—2007.
1 ODI series—2018.
1 T20 series—2018.
Total = 3.

Lanka-2099225_1280Sri Lanka.
1 ICC Champions Trophy—2002.
1 Asia Cup—2010.
3 Test series—1993, 2015, 2017.
3 ODI Tri-series—1998, 2009, 2018.
4 ODI series—2008, 2009, 2012, 2017.
Total = 12.

West Indies.
4 Test series—1971, 2006, 2011, 2016.
1 ODI Tri-series—2013.
4 ODI series—2002, 2009, 2011, 2017.
Total = 9.

pakistan-641446_960_720Pakistan.
1 Test series—2004.
2 ODI series—2004, 2006.
Total = 3.

New Zealand.
2 Test series—1968, 2009.
1 ODI series—2009.
Total = 3.

dubai-1113262_960_720UAE.
7 multi-nation tournaments—1984, 1985, 1988, 1995, 1998, 1998, 2018.

Bangladesh.
2 Asia Cups—1988, 2016.
4 Test series—2000, 2004, 2007, 2010.
1 ODI Tri-series—1998.
3 ODI series—2004, 2007, 2014.
Total = 10.

Canada.
2 ODI series—1997 (Pak), 1999 (WI).

clover-445255_960_720Ireland.
1 ODI series—2007 (SA).
1 T20 series—2018 (Ire).
Total = 2.

Zimbabwe.
1 Test series—2005
4 ODI series—1998, 2013, 2015, 2016.
2 T20 series—2010, 2016.
Total = 6.

Grand Total = 70, that includes 5 World Cups/mini WCs, second only to Australia’s 6 away such wins.

India has won at least one 5-nation plus tournament in Australia, South Africa, England, Sri Lanka, UAE, Bangladesh and India.